References for Save Me Trust

1. Bovine TB Time Line. Bovine TB Overview and Timeline 

2. Randomised Badger Culling Trial. Final Report of the Independent Scientific Group (ISG) on Cattle TB. Read Report Here

3. Estimates of badger population sizes in the West Gloucestershire and West Somerset pilot areas. A report to Natural England - 22 February 2013. Read Report Here  http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130822084033/

4. Estimating the risk of cattle exposure to tuberculosis posed by wild deer relative to badgers in England and Wales. Read Report Here

5.Statement from the European Commission regarding an article in the Mail On Sunday on 21 October. There is no EU financial support provided for the culling of badgers. http://ec.europa.eu/unitedkingdom/press/press_releases/2012/pr1245_en.htm

'The European Commission was disappointed to see an article by Brian May in the Mail on Sunday on 21 October which quotes Georg Haeusler, chief adviser to the European Commissioner for Agriculture. Some of the quotes are out of context or inaccurate - and therefore misleading.
Vaccination of cattle against TB is forbidden under current EU rules agreed by all Member States, including the UK. This is because there is no effective test to tell the difference between vaccinated and infected animals, making it impossible to protect the food chain and identify which animals could be exported.
If such a test were to be developed and approved at EU and international levels – which would take time – the rules could be changed relatively quickly.   But  Mr Haeusler explained that this would be the responsibility of the Health Commissioner, who deals with vaccination issues, and who could also advise on the exact process and timing in this case.   
The Commission provides substantial financial support to the approved UK bovine TB eradication programme. For 2012, EUR 31.2 million were allocated to implement a rapid eradication strategy. There is no EU financial support provided for the culling of badgers.'


6.Parliamentary briefing paper - Science & Environment. Read Report Here or www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/SN05873.pdf

7. The Cattle Book 2008 Descriptive statistics of cattle numbers in Great Britain on 1 June 2008: Density Maps. Read Report Here or  http://www.defra.gov.uk/publications/files/pb13572-cattlebook-2008-090804.pdf 

8. European Commission Audit - audit was carried out in the UK from 5-16th September 2011. TB Eradication Programme.  Read Report Here 

9. Vaccination reduces the risk of unvaccinated badger cubs testing tuberculosis positive. Read Report Here
Vaccination reduces the risk of unvaccinated badger cubs testing tuberculosis positive
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0049833
http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_249183_en.html

10. Conversation in the House of Lords where Lord Krebs and Lord Knight of Weymouth – Hansard.

 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201213/ldhansrd/text/121023-0001.htm 

11. 'Bovine tuberculosis infection in wild mammals in the South-West region of England: A survey of prevalence and a semi-quantitative assessment of the relative risks to cattle'. READ HERE 

12. Final report of an audit carried out in the United Kingdom from 5th-16th September 2011 In order to evaluate the operation of the Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Programme. READ HERE 

13. TB skin test questioned after false results. http://www.fwi.co.uk/articles/05/02/2013/137488/tb-skin-test-questioned-after-false-results.htm#.URD1fq2kidE 

14. Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Bovine TB - Key conclusions from the meeting of scientific experts. Held at Defra on 4th April 2011.
Read More
http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/documents/bovinetb-scientificexperts-110404.pdf

15. Illegal in the US to feed deer and cattle together for risk of bovine Tb transfer.
http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607,7-153-10319-99064--,00.html

16. Scientist writes an open letter condemning the cull. http://www.guardian.co.uk/theobserver/2012/oct/14/letters-observer 

17. Despite no badgers having yet being killed under official sanction in Northern Ireland, as Ms O'Neill has acknowledged, the annual herd incidence has almost halved, from nearly 10% in 2002 to just over 5% on 30 September 2011. http://www.theyworkforyou.com/ni/?id=2011-11-28.7.25

18. Cattle movements the most significant factor in spread of bovine TB.

19. Stress prevents immune systems from working. A 3rd more females (in buffalo adult females stressed out the yearling females) and links with human stats. http://www.krugerpark.co.za/krugerpark-times-2-21-buffalo-tb-21399.html

20. Bovine tuberculosis in Europe from the perspective of an officially tuberculosis free country: trade, surveillance and diagnostics.

 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21439740

21. Durham University Paper.  READ HERE 

22. Recording of Professor Atkins from Durham University http://ihrrblog.org/2013/02/14/bovine-tb-risk-in-britain-past-and-present

23. Police don’t want to police this, too expensive. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/environment/wildlife/article3706318.ece 

24. Herd size is a known risk factor for bTB (Denny and Wilesmith 1999, Olea-Popelka and others 2004, Reilly and Courtenay 2007); accordingly, direct standardisation was used to adjust for varying herd size (Dohoo et al., 2003). (Abernethy et al., 2013)
 
25. Slaughter Detection and pre movement Testing in Oreland. http://www.ucd.ie/t4cms/biennial%20report%20200809%20bovine%20tuberculosis.pdf 

26.Four Area Project. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3113914/ 

28 . History of bTB – Defra. http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/abouttb/index.htm

29. HOUSE OF COMMONS. ORAL EVIDENCE TAKEN BEFORE THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, BOVINE TB VACCINATION, TUESDAY 26 FEBRUARY 2013, BERNARD VAN GOETHEM, FRANCISCO REVIRIEGO, KOEN VAN DYCK AND JACQUELINE MINOR.

 http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmenvfru/uc981-ii/uc98101.htm

30. Incidents of M. bovis infection in non-bovine domestic animals & wild deer in GB confirmed by laboratory culture.

 http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/documents/tb-otherspecies.pdf 

31. Lord Krebs, who ran a ten-year review into whether culling could control bovine tuberculosis, said that the Government’s estimates had varied so wildly that under the previous target farmers would have been asked to shoot 144 per cent of the badgers in Gloucestershire. He said “To me what it says is that the practicality of killing 70 per cent is one question but the real question is how do they know what their starting number is?” http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/environment/wildlife/article3703610.ece

32. Professor Robbie McDonald, an author of the paper and now at the University of Exeter's Environment and Sustainability Institute, said: "This striking result in cubs shows a protective effect at the social group level and is important evidence that vaccination not only has a direct benefit to vaccinated badgers, but can also reduce the infectivity of TB within a badger social group that has been vaccinated." 
http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_249183_en.html

33. World Health Organisation description of TB and how it is transmitted.
http://www.who.int/features/qa/08/en/index.html

34. Neigbouring farms have different bTB.
http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1003008

35. End ban on hunting with dogs, urges Tory Environment Minister: Paterson makes his views clear on controversial subject. 
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2296661/End-ban-hunting-dogs-urges-Tory-Environment-Minister-Paterson-makes-views-clear-controversial-subject.html

36. In Wales the government have caged, trapped and vaccinated over 1,400 badgers. Evidence from a four year field study (9) shows that BCG vaccinations in badgers reduces the risk of infection to cubs. It is possible to vaccinate. It will not make matters worse and evidence to date suggest it has a positive effect. Myself and Brian May met with Christianne Glossop (Chief Vet of Wales) in London last month to discuss successes and failures of the vaccination program and how we may work with them on this project to improve and support it to its conclusion.

37. Defra graphs on bTB showing increase after foot and mouth http://www.defra.gov.uk/statistics/files/defra-stats-foodfarm-landuselivestock-tb-statsnotice-120403.pdf

38. Conservative Animal Welfare - Statement on bTB. http://www.conservativeanimalwelfare.co.uk/page/20/

40. Deep divisions in the badger cull. http://catbrainsite.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/deep-divisions-in-british-society-over-badger-cull/

41. ORAL VACCINE TELEGRAPH. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/7996663/Oral-TB-vaccine-may-prevent-need-for-badger-cull.html 

42. British cattle are moved annually; with over 13 million cattle movements.

 http://rpa.defra.gov.uk/rpa/index.nsf/UIMenu/C2268E828EFED0B280256FE300347A0C?Opendocument 

43. Closely mirroring the historical rise in bTB cases is the rise in cattle movements, with 480,294 more cattle moved in 2010 than 2009 Cattle movements have more than quadrupled between 1999 (3,373,646) and 2010 (13,690,294) and have involved over 127million animals since 1998. 

http://rpa.defra.gov.uk/rpa/index.nsf/vContentByTaxonomy/BCMS**Statistics**2010%20Statistics**?OpenDocument 

44. Oral vaccine Eamonn Gormley. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/7996663/Oral-TB-vaccine-may-prevent-need-for-badger-cull.html 

45. Details on Eamonn Gormley. http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/veterinarymedicine/dreamonngormley/ 

46. Swiss herd shown that BTB was endemic in herd and had been present for several years. http://worldradio.ch/wrs/news/wrsnews/cows-infected-with-bovine-tb-culled.shtml?35284 

47. Byrne, A. W., Sleeman, D. P., O’Keeffe, J. & John, D., (2012a). The Ecology of the European Badger (Meles meles) in Ireland, a review. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 112B(1), pp. 105-132.

 http://www.academia.edu/671427/The_Ecology_of_the_European_badger_Meles_meles_in_Ireland_-_a_review

48. Man shot while hunting rabbits . Fell on his gun SHROPSHIRE. http://news.sky.com/story/1075232/rabbit-hunter-shot-dead-in-tragic-accident 

49. Byrne, A. W. et al., (2012b). Impact of culling on relative abundance of the European badger (Meles meles) in Ireland. European Journal of Wildlife Research, pp. DOI 10.1007/s10344-012-0643-1.

50. More, S. J., (2005). Towards eradication of Bovine Tuberculosis in Ireland A critical review of progress, Dublin: Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis.

51. Griffin, J. M. et al., (2005). The impact of badger removal on the control of tuberculosis in cattle herds in Ireland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 67, pp. 237-266.

52. Máirtín, D. Ó. et al., (1998). The effect of a badger removal programme on the incidence of tuberculosis in an Irish cattle population. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 34(1-6), pp. 47-56.

53. Sleeman, D.P., Davenport, J., More, S.J., Clegg, T.A., Collins, J.D., Martin, S.W., Williams, D.H., Griffin, J.M. and O’Boyle, I. (2009c). How many Eurasian Badgers (Meles meles) are there in the Republic of Ireland? European Journal of Wildlife Research 55, 333-44.

54. Eves, J.A., (1999). Impact of badger removal on bovine tuberculosis in east county Offaly. Irish Veterinary Journal 52, 199–203.

55. Eves, J.A., (1993). The East Offaly Badger Research project: an interim report. The Badger Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (1993), pp. 166–173 
56. Cheeseman, C. L., Jones, G. W., Gallagher, J. & Mallinson, P. J. (1981). The population structure, density and prevalence of tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in badgers (Meles meles) from four areas in south-west England. J. Appl. Ecol. 18, 795–804.

57. Cheeseman, C. L., Mallinson, P. J., Ryan, J. & Wilesmith, J. W. (1993). Recolonisation by badgers in Gloucestershire. In The badger (ed. T. J. Hayden), pp. 78–93. Dublin, Ireland: Royal Irish Academy.

58. Tuyttens, F. A. M., Delahay, R. J., Macdonald, D. W., Cheeseman, C. L., Long, B. & Donnelly, C. A. (2000a). Spatial perturbation caused by a badger (Meles meles) culling operation: implications for the function of territoriality and the control of bovine tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis. J. Anim. Ecol. 69, 815–828.

59. Tuyttens, F. A. M., Macdonald, D. W., Rogers, L. M., Cheeseman, C. L. & Roddam, A. W. (2000b). Comparative study on the consequences of culling badgers (Meles meles) on biometrics, population dynamics and movement. J. Anim. Ecol. 69, 567–580.

60. Macdonald, D. W., Riordan, P. & Mathews, F. (2006). Biological hurdles to the control of TB in cattle: a test of two hypotheses concerning wildlife to explain the failure of control. Biol. Conserv. 131, 268–286.

61. O'Corry Crowe, G., Hammond, R., Eves, J. & Hayden, T. J., (1996). The Effect of Reduction in Badger Density on the Spatial Organisation and Activity of Badgers (Meles meles) in Relation to Farms in Central Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy , 96(3), pp. 147-158.

62. Bourne, F. J. et al., (2007). TB policy and the ISG's findings. Veterinary Record , 161(18), pp. 633-635.

63. Donnelly, C.A., Woodroffe, R., Cox, D.R., Bourne, J., Gettinby, G., Le Fevre, A.M., Mclnerney, J.P., Morrison, W.I., (2003). Impact of localized badger culling on tuberculosis incidence in British cattle. Nature 426, 834– 837.

64. Woodroffe, R. et al., (2006). Effects of Culling on Badger Meles meles Spatial Organization: Implications for the Control of Bovine Tuberculosis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43(1), pp. 1-10.

65. Sleeman, D. P. et al., (2009a). The effectiveness of barriers to badger (Meles meles) immigration in the Irish Four Area project. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 55(3), pp. 267-278.

66. Roper, T. J., (2010). Badger. 1st ed. London : Harper Collins.

67. Byrne, A. W. et al., (2012c). Population Estimation and Trappability of the European Badger (Meles meles) Implications for Tuberculosis Management. Plos One, 7(12), pp. 1-11.

68. Munoz–Igualada J, Shivik JA, Domınguez FG, Lara J, Gonzalez LM (2008). Evaluation of cage–traps and cable restraint devices to capture red foxes in Spain. J Wildl Manage 72: 830–836.

69. O’Flaherty, J., (2008). Value for Money and Policy Review Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Programme. 1996–2006. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, http://www.agriculture.gov.ie/publications/2008/valueformoneyandpolicyreviewbovinetuberculosiseradicationprogramme1996-2006/

70. Farming after foot and Mouth. http://www.tbfreeengland.uk.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/RP01-67.pdf 

71. 81%of the population are against the proposed culling of Badgers (Bow Group research 2012). http://www.bowgroup.org/policy/bow-group-urges-government-scrap-badger-cull-plans

72. The Citizen newspaper poll found 90.2% were against the cull (4 Oct 2012).

73. Control of Bovine (bTB ) Cattle Biosecurity - Part 5 NFU Southwest http://www.southwest-tbadvice.co.uk/uploads/TB_Bulletin_5-Cattle_Bio-security_30_11_10.pdf 

74. BTB remains in slurry for up to two years. M. bovis is expected to persist in slurry-treated soil for up to two years http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2710499/

75. M. bovis is expected to persist in slurry-treated soil for up to two years. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2710499/#R61

76. Bovine TB : a review of badger to cattle transmission. http://www.dardni.gov.uk/afbi-literature-review-tb-review-badger-to-cattle-transmission.pdf 

77. 22% of new bTB cattle detected at slaughter. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/damian-carrington-blog/2012/oct/05/badger-cull-tb-cattle

78. TB Vaccination of Badgers www.bacvi.org.uk

79. The use of dogs and Defra. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69586/pb13716-shooting-guidance.pd

80 .Cattle bTB and ferrets, 4 out of 80 foxes had btB. http://www.bovinetb.info/docs/johngallt_b_review9-04.pd

81. Paul R. Torgerson and David J. Torgerson stated in their paper ‘Public health and bovine tuberculosis: what’s all the fuss about?' READ HERE 

 

 

  1. Bovine TB Time Line. Bovine TB Overview and Timeline 
  2. Randomised Badger Culling Trial. Final Report of the Independent Scientific Group (ISG) on Cattle TB.  rbct http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20081108133322/http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/tb/isg/pdf/final_report.pdf
  3. Estimates of badger population size in the West Gloucestershire and West Somerset pilot areas. A report to Natural England - 22 February 2013. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130903145614/http://www.defra.gov.uk/animal-diseases/files/population-badger-pilot-areas.pdf
  4. Estimating the risk of cattle exposure to tuberculosis posed by wild deer relative to badgers in England and Wales http://www.jwildlifedis.org/doi/abs/10.7589/0090-3558-45.4.1104
  5. cannot find 
  6. Parliamentary briefing paper - Science & Environment. www.parliament.uk/briefing-papers/SN05873.pdf
  7. The Cattle Book 2008 Descriptive statistics of cattle numbers in Great Britain on 1 June 2008: Density Maps. http://www.defra.gov.uk/publications/files/pb13572-cattlebook-2008-090804.pdf 
  8. European Commission Audit - audit was carried out in the UK from 5-16th September 2011. TB Eradication Programme.  READ HERE 
  9. Vaccination reduces the risk of unvaccinated badger cubs testing tuberculosis positive.Vaccination reduces the risk of unvaccinated badger cubs testing tuberculosis positive http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0049833 (check if this is correct paper)
  10. Conversation in the House of Lords where Lord Krebs and Lord Knight of Weymouth – Hansard. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201213/ldhansrd/text/121023-0001.htm
  11. 'Bovine tuberculosis infection in wild mammals in the South-West region of England: A survey of prevalence and a semi-quantitative assessment of the relative risks to cattle'. READ HERE 
  12. Final report of an audit carried out in the United Kingdom from 5th-16th September 2011 In order to evaluate the operation of the Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Programme. READ HERE 
  13. TB skin test questioned after false results. http://www.fwi.co.uk/articles/05/02/2013/137488/tb-skin-test-questioned-after-false-results.htm#.URD1fq2kidE 
  14. Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Bovine TB - Key conclusions from the meeting of scientific experts. Held at Defra on 4th April 2011. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130403105820/http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/documents/bovinetb-scientificexperts-110404.pdf
  15. Illegal in the US to feed deer and cattle together for risk of bovine Tb transfer.  READ MORE  
  16. Scientist writes an open letter condemning the cull. http://www.guardian.co.uk/theobserver/2012/oct/14/letters-observer  study required 
  17. Despite no badgers having yet being killed under official sanction in Northern Ireland, as Ms O'Neill has acknowledged, the annual herd incidence has almost halved, from nearly 10% in 2002 to just over 5% on 30 September 2011. http://www.theyworkforyou.com/ni/?id=2011-11-28.7.25
  18. Cattle movements the most significant factor in spread of bovine TB https://www.researchgate.net/profile/William_Wint/publication/7823575_Cattle_movements_and_bovine_tuberculosis_in_Great_Britain/links/02e7e52388096346a0000000/Cattle-movements-and-bovine-tuberculosis-in-Great-Britain.pdf suggests that increased biosecurity will greatly benefit control
  19. Stress prevents immune systems from working. A 3rd more females (in buffalo adult females stressed out the yearling females) and links with human stats. http://www.krugerpark.co.za/krugerpark-times-2-21-buffalo-tb-21399.html
  20. Bovine tuberculosis in Europe from the perspective of an officially tuberculosis free country: trade, surveillance and diagnostics. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21439740 READ HERE  better diagnostic testsrequired, skin test = low sensitivity and IFN-y = low specificity. Lesion detection after slaughter = low sensitivity
  21. Durham University Paper.  shows using cartographic maps that badgers killed by road traffic with tuberculosis did not correlate with cattle with tuberculosis. Very questionable source of data. Maps at end interesting to show the spread however
  22. Recording of Professor Atkins from Durham University http://ihrrblog.org/2013/02/14/bovine-tb-risk-in-britain-past-and-present/
  23. . Police don’t want to police this, too expensive. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/environment/wildlife/article3706318.ece
  24. Herd size is a known risk factor for bTB (Denny and Wilesmith 1999, Olea-Popelka and others 2004, Reilly and Courtenay 2007); https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10212503, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15158568. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167587707000360?via%3Dihub intelligent badger control (protective vaccine) against reinfection).   accordingly, direct standardisation was used to adjust for varying herd size (Abernethy et al., 2013) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25023906
  25. Slaughter Detection and pre movement Testing in Oreland. http://www.ucd.ie/t4cms/biennial%20report%20200809%20bovine%20tuberculosis.pdf 
  26. Four Area Project. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3113914/
  27. Nothing
  28. History of bTB – Defra. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130402155229/http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/abouttb
  29. HOUSE OF COMMONS. ORAL EVIDENCE TAKEN BEFORE THE ENVIRONMENT, FOOD AND RURAL AFFAIRS COMMITTEE, BOVINE TB VACCINATION, TUESDAY 26 FEBRUARY 2013, BERNARD VAN GOETHEM, FRANCISCO REVIRIEGO, KOEN VAN DYCK AND JACQUELINE MINOR. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201213/cmselect/cmenvfru/uc981-ii/uc98101.htm
  30. Incidents of M. bovis infection in non-bovine domestic animals & wild deer in GB confirmed by laboratory culture. http://archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/documents/tb-otherspecies.pdf
  31. Lord Krebs, who ran a ten-year review into whether culling could control bovine tuberculosis, said that the Government’s estimates had varied so wildly that under the previous target farmers would have been asked to shoot 144 per cent of the badgers in Gloucestershire. He said “To me what it says is that the practicality of killing 70 per cent is one question but the real question is how do they know what their starting number is?” http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/environment/wildlife/article3703610.ece
  32. Professor Robbie McDonald, an author of the paper and now at the University of Exeter's Environment and Sustainability Institute, said: "This striking result in cubs shows a protective effect at the social group level and is important evidence that vaccination not only has a direct benefit to vaccinated badgers, but can also reduce the infectivity of TB within a badger social group that has been vaccinated." http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_249183_en.html
  33. World Health Organisation description of TB and how it is transmitted. 
  34. http://www.who.int/features/qa/08/en/index.html  
  35. Neigbouring farms have different bTB. http://www.plospathogens.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.ppat.1003008
  36. . End ban on hunting with dogs, urges Tory Environment Minister: Paterson makes his views clear on controversial subject. 
  37. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2296661/End-ban-hunting-dogs-urges-Tory-Environment-Minister-Paterson-makes-views-clear-controversial-subject.html
  38. In Wales the government have caged, trapped and vaccinated over 1,400 badgers. Evidence from a four year field study (9) shows that BCG vaccinations in badgers reduces the risk of infection to cubs. It is possible to vaccinate. It will not make matters worse and evidence to date suggest it has a positive effect. Myself and Brian May met with Christianne Glossop (Chief Vet of Wales) in London last month to discuss successes and failures of the vaccination program and how we may work with them on this project to improve and support it to its conclusion.
  39. Not found
  40. Deep divisions in the badger cull. http://catbrainsite.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/deep-divisions-in-british-society-over-badger-cull/
  41. ORAL VACCINE TELEGRAPH. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/7996663/Oral-TB-vaccine-may-prevent-need-for-badger-cull.html 
  42. Deep divisions in the badger cull. http://catbrainsite.wordpress.com/2013/03/25/deep-divisions-in-british-society-over-badger-cull/Link good
  43. ORAL VACCINE TELEGRAPH. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/7996663/Oral-TB-vaccine-may-prevent-need-for-badger-cull.html
  44. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20140305103422/http://rpa.defra.gov.uk/rpa/index.nsf/UIMenu/C2268E828EFED0B280256FE300347A0C?Opendocument
  45. http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20140305103422/http://rpa.defra.gov.uk/rpa/index.nsf/UIMenu/C2268E828EFED0B280256FE300347A0C?Opendocument
  46. Oral vaccine Eamonn Gormley. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/7996663/Oral-TB-vaccine-may-prevent-need-for-badger-cull.html 
  47. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0168851 (different link, study done by Eamonn Gormley (2017) on efectienes of oral vaccine.
  48. Details on Eamonn Gormley. http://www.ucd.ie/research/people/veterinarymedicine/dreamonngormley/ 
  49. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5319696/ (could not find link for the world radio channel, 
  50. Byrne, A. W., Sleeman, D. P., O’Keeffe, J. & John, D., (2012a). The Ecology of the European Badger (Meles meles) in Ireland, a review. Biology and Environment: Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, 112B(1), pp. 105-132. http://irserver.ucd.ie/bitstream/handle/10197/5253/Byrne_et_al._2012_Biol_Env.pdf?sequence=1
  51. Man shot while hunting rabbits . Fell on his gun SHROPSHIRE. http://news.sky.com/story/1075232/rabbit-hunter-shot-dead-in-tragic-accident
  52. . Byrne, A. W. et al., (2012b). Impact of culling on relative abundance of the European badger (Meles meles) in Ireland. European Journal of Wildlife Research, pp. DOI 10.1007/s10344-012-0643-1.
  53. Culling decreased by number o badgers in the area
  54. More, S. J., (2005). Towards eradication of Bovine Tuberculosis in Ireland A critical review of progress, Dublin: Centre for Veterinary Epidemiology and Risk Analysis.
  55. Griffin, J. M. et al., (2005). The impact of badger removal on the control of tuberculosis in cattle herds in Ireland. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 67, pp. 237-266.
  56. Máirtín, D. Ó. et al., (1998). The effect of a badger removal programme on the incidence of tuberculosis in an Irish cattle population. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 34(1-6), pp. 47-56.
  57. Eves, J.A., (1999). Impact of badger removal on bovine tuberculosis in east county Offaly. Irish Veterinary Journal 52, 199–203.
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  59. . Eves, J.A., (1993). The East Offaly Badger Research project: an interim report. The Badger Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (1993), pp. 166–173 Can’t access paper
  60. Eves, J.A., (1993). The East Offaly Badger Research project: an interim report. The Badger Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Dublin (1993), pp. 166–173 
  61. Cheeseman, C. L., Jones, G. W., Gallagher, J. & Mallinson, P. J. (1981). The population structure, density and prevalence of tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in badgers (Meles meles) from four areas in south-west England. J. Appl. Ecol. 18, 795–804.Can’t access paper
  62. Nothing 
  63. Tuyttens, F. A. M., Delahay, R. J., Macdonald, D. W., Cheeseman, C. L., Long, B. & Donnelly, C. A. (2000a). Spatial perturbation caused by a badger (Meles meles) culling operation: implications for the function of territoriality and the control of bovine tuberculosis Mycobacterium bovis. J. Anim. Ecol. 69, 815–828.  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2000.00437.x/pdf
  64. Tuyttens, F. A. M., Macdonald, D. W., Rogers, L. M., Cheeseman, C. L. & Roddam, A. W. (2000b). Comparative study on the consequences of culling badgers (Meles meles) on biometrics, population dynamics and movement. J. Anim. Ecol. 69, 567–580. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2656.2000.00419.x/full
  65. Macdonald, D. W., Riordan, P. & Mathews, F. (2006). Biological hurdles to the control of TB in cattle: a test of two hypotheses concerning wildlife to explain the failure of control. Biol. Conserv. 131, 268–286.
  66. . O'Corry Crowe, G., Hammond, R., Eves, J. & Hayden, T. J., (1996). The Effect of Reduction in Badger Density on the Spatial Organisation and Activity of Badgers (Meles meles) in Relation to Farms in Central Ireland. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy , 96(3), pp. 147-158.
  67. Bourne, F. J. et al., (2007). TB policy and the ISG's findings. Veterinary Record , 161(18), pp. 633-635.
  68. . Donnelly, C.A., Woodroffe, R., Cox, D.R., Bourne, J., Gettinby, G., Le Fevre, A.M., Mclnerney, J.P., Morrison, W.I., (2003). Impact of localized badger culling on tuberculosis incidence in British cattle. Nature 426, 834– 837.
  69. Woodroffe, R. et al., (2006). Effects of Culling on Badger Meles meles Spatial Organization: Implications for the Control of Bovine Tuberculosis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 43(1), pp. 1-10.
  70. Sleeman, D. P. et al., (2009a). The effectiveness of barriers to badger (Meles meles) immigration in the Irish Four Area project. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 55(3), pp. 267-278.
  71. . Roper, T. J., (2010). Badger. 1st ed. London : Harper Collins.
  72. 67. Byrne, A. W. et al., (2012c). Population Estimation and Trappability of the European Badger (Meles meles) Implications for Tuberculosis Management. Plos One, 7(12), pp. 1-11.
  73. 68. Munoz–Igualada J, Shivik JA, Domınguez FG, Lara J, Gonzalez LM (2008). Evaluation of cage–traps and cable restraint devices to capture red foxes in Spain. J Wildl Manage 72: 830–836.
  74. O’Flaherty, J., (2008). Value for Money and Policy Review Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Programme. 1996–2006. Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, http://www.agriculture.gov.ie/publications/2008/valueformoneyandpolicyreviewbovinetuberculosiseradicationprogramme1996-2006/
  75. http://footandmouth.fera.defra.gov.uk/secure/fmdscience/restocking.cfm
  76. Cannot find this data – however 2012 paper found 81% against the cull  http://www.crawleyobserver.co.uk/news/opinion/peter-skinner-what-can-badgers-tell-us-about-this-government-1-4411147
  77. 22% of new bTB cattle detected at slaughter. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/damian-carrington-blog/2012/oct/05/badger-cull-tb-cattle
  78. TB Vaccination of Badgers www.bacvi.org.uk
  79. Humblet, M. F., Boschiroli, M. L., & Saegerman, C. (2009). Classification of worldwide bovine tuberculosis risk factors in cattle: a stratified approach. Veterinary research, 40(5), 1-24. 
  80. Kelly, W. R., & Collins, J. D. (1978). The health significance of some infectious agents present in animal effluents. Veterinary Science Communications, 2(1), 95-103. You repeated samestudy so ere is another.
  81. Allen, A. R., Skuce, R. A., McDowell, S. W., & Branch, B. (2011). Bovine TB: a review of badger-to-cattle transmission. Agri-food and Biosciences Institute, Northern Ireland. 
  82. 22% of new bTB cattle detected at slaughter. http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/damian-carrington-blog/2012/oct/05/badger-cull-tb-cattle
  83. http://www.bovinetb.info/docs/final-report-of-an-audit-carried-out-in-the-united-kingdom-from-05-to-16-september-2011-in-order-to-evaluate-the-operation-of-the-bovine-tuberculosis-eradication-programme.pdf 
  84. http://www.bacvi.co.uk/
  85. The use of dogs and Defra. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69586/pb13716-shooting-guidance.pd
  86. Gallagher, J., & Clifton-Hadley, R. S. (2000). Tuberculosis in badgers; a review of the disease and its significance for other animals. Research in veterinary science, 69(3), 203-217. 
  87. Torgerson, P. R., & Torgerson, D. J. (2010). Public health and bovine tuberculosis: what's all the fuss about?. Trends in microbiology, 18(2), 67-72.READ HERE 
  88. Possum control in New Zealand  http://savemetrust.org/images/pdf/Possum.pdf
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  93. National Tb Strategy: Proposed National Pest Management Strategy for Bovine Tuberculosis, November 1995, Animal Health Board, Wellington. Cant find
  94. Henderson, R. J., O'Connor, C. E., & Morgan, D. R. (1999). Current practices in sequential use of possum baits. Department of Conservation.
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  97. Husbandry practices, badger sett density and habitat composition as risk factors for transient and persistent bovine tuberculosis on UK cattle farms. Reilly LA, Courtenay O Prev Vet Med. 2007 Jul 16; 80(2-3):129-42. [PubMed] [Ref list]
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  100. A.V. Goodchild, R.S. Clifton-HadleyCattle-to-cattle transmission of Mycobacterium bovis
  101. Tuberculosis (Edinb.), 81 (2001), pp. 23-41
  102. L.E. Green, S.J. CornellInvestigations of cattle herds breakdowns with bovine tuberculosis in four counties of England and Wales using VETNET data
  103. J.J. Carrique-Mas, G.F. Medley, L.E. GreenRisks for bovine tuberculosis in British cattle farms restocked after the foot and mouth disease epidemic of 2001
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    J.M. Pollock, J.D. Rodgers, M.D. Welsh, J. McNairPathogenesis of bovine tuberculosis: The role of experimental models of infection
  105. Vet. Microbiol., 112 (2006), pp. 141-150
  106. M.L. Monaghan, M.L. Doherty, J.D. Collins, J.F.Kazda, P.J. QuinnThe tuberculin test
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201. Defra. (23 October 2012). Badger culls to go ahead this summer. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/badger-cull-to-proceed-next-yea

202. BBC News. (22 August 2013). Badger cull zone injunction is granted in High Court. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-23791222

203. NFU. (23 August 2013). High Court injunction result. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.nfuonline.com/sectors/animal-health/animal-health-rh-panel/bovine-tb/high-court-injunction-result/

204. The Guardian. (23 January 2014). Badger cull killed only 24% of animals by controlled shooting, figures show. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jan/23/badger-cull-only-quarter-controlled-shooting 

205. McGrath, M. (9 October 2013). Badger cull extended as kills fall short of target. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-24443110  

206. Defra. (5 November 2013). Somerset badger cull ends. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/somerset-badger-cull-ends

207. Defra. (2 December 2013). Gloucestershire badger cull ends. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/gloucestershire-badger-cull-ends

208. Defra. (April 2014). The Strategy for achieving Officially Bovine Tuberculosis Free status for England. [Internet]. Available at: http://data.parliament.uk/DepositedPapers/files/DEP2014-0554/pb14088-bovine-tb-strategy-140328.pdf

209. Defra. (July 2011). Bovine TB Eradication Programme for England. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69443/pb13601-bovinetb-eradication-programme-110719.pdf

210. Defra. (December 2011). The Government’s policy on Bovine TB and badger control in England. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69463/pb13691-bovinetb-policy-statement.pdf

211. Defra. (14 December 2011). Update on measures to tackle Bovine TB. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/update-on-measures-to-tackle-bovine-tb 

212. HC Deb. (19 January 2012). Column 45WS. [Internet]. Available at:https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201212/cmhansrd/cm120119/wmstext/120119m0001.htm#12011938000009

213. Natural England. (5 June 2014). Bovine TB and badger control in England. [Internet]. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20140605110001/http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/ourwork/regulation/wildlife/species/badgertb.aspx 

214. Defra. (March 2012). Badger Culling Pilots: Independent Expert Panel. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/badger-culling-pilots-independent-expert-panel

215. Defra. (October 2012). Monitoring the effectiveness of badger population reduction by controlled shooting. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/229570/badger-cull-iep-monitor-controlled-shooting20130307.pdf

216. Defra. (22 February 2013). Estimates of badger population sizes in the West Gloucestershire and West Somerset pilot areas. [Internet]. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20130903145614/http://www.defra.gov.uk/animal-diseases/files/population-badger-pilot-areas.pdf

217. Defra. (October 2012). Monitoring the humaneness of controlled shooting. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/229571/badger-cull-iep-monitor-humane-shooting20130307.pdf

218. HC Deb. (5 February 2014). Column 297W. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140205/text/140205w0003.htm#14020589002830

219. HC Deb. (14 Jan 2014). Column 471W. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140114/text/140114w0001.htm#140114105001042

220. HC Deb. (5 Feb 2014). Column 297W. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140205/text/140205w0003.htm#14020589002830 

221. HC Deb. (3 April 2013). Column 1034. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140403/debtext/140403-0002.htm#14040348000003

222. Natural England. (26 August 2014). Protection of Badgers Act 1992, TB Area Control Licence. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/357833/wg-authorisation-letter-2014-redacted.pdf

223. HC Deb. (4 November 2014). Column 198WH. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm141104/halltext/141104h0002.htm#14110455000362 

224. HC Deb. (4 November 2014). Column 201WH. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm141104/halltext/141104h0002.htm#14110455000365

225. Hoggart, S. (4 November 2014).Transparency and Evidence-Based Policy: An Open Letter to Defra from Journal of Animal Ecology. [Internet]. Available at: https://journalofanimalecology.wordpress.com/2014/11/04/transparency-and-evidence-based-policy-an-open-letter-to-defra-from-journal-of-animal-ecology/

226. HC Deb. (28 April 2014). Column 478W. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201314/cmhansrd/cm140428/text/140428w0003.htm#1404297000079

227. BBC News. (1 July 2014). Badger Trust given permission to challenge badger cull. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-28113753

228. Farmers Weekly. (29 October 2014). Badger Trust loses legal appeal over cull. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.fwi.co.uk/livestock/badger-trust-loses-legal-appeal-over-cull.htm

229. HC Deb. (4 November 2014). Column 201WH. [Internet]. Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201415/cmhansrd/cm141104/halltext/141104h0001.htm#14110455000001

230. Defra. (August 2014). Monitoring the humaneness and effectiveness of badger culling in 2014. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/347534/badger-cull-monitoring-2014.pdf

231. Defra. (December 2014). Summary of badger control monitoring during 2014. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/388725/summary-badger-control-monitoring.pdf

232. Defra. (December 2014). Chief Veterinary Officer’s advice on outcome of year 2 of the badger culls. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/388699/cvo-advice.pdf

233. Wahl, M. (16 December 2014). CRC Auditing Services, Annex G. Audit Report for the 2014 Badger Control Project. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/388669/annex-g-audit-report-2014-badger-control-project.pdf

234. BVA Council. (15 April 2015). BVA Council position on the pilot badger culls and badger culling policy in England. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.bva.co.uk/uploadedFiles/Content/News,_campaigns_and_policies/Policies/Farm_animals/Final%20position%20on%20bTB%20and%20badger%20culling%20AGREED%20at%20Council%2015%20April%202015.pdf

235. Defra. (24 Feb 2015). Elizabeth Truss speech at National Farmers' Union conference. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/speeches/elizabeth-truss-speech-at-national-farmers-union-conference

236. Farmers Weekly. (3 September 2015). Farmer fury as Defra blocks badger cull in two TB hotspots. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.fwi.co.uk/news/farmer-fury-as-defra-blocks-badger-cull-in-two-tb-hotspots.ht 

237. Badger Trust. (28 August 2015). Badger Trust Condemns Continued Culling as Completely Irrational. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.badger.org.uk/single-post/2015/08/28/BADGER-TRUST-CONDEMNS-CONTINUED-CULLING-AS-%E2%80%9CCOMPLETELY-IRRATIONAL%E2%80%99

238. The Guardian. (2 September 2015). Badger cull is flawed and must now stop. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/sep/02/badger-cull-is-flawed-and-must-now-stop 

239. Natural England. (30 November 2015). Natural England compliance monitoring summary of controlled shooting during the 2015 badger control licences. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/486608/annex-b-ne-compliance-monitoring-summary.pdf

240. Defra. (December 2015). Summary of badger control monitoring during 2015. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/486604/summary-badger-control-monitoring-2015.pdf

241. Defra. (17 December 2015). Chief Veterinary Officer’s advice on the outcome of the 2015 badger culls. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/486612/cvo-advice-badger-culls-2015.pdf

242. Defra. (December 2015). Summary of responses to the consultation on Guidance to Natural England on licences to control the risk of bovine tuberculosis from badgers. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/511537/guidance-ne-licences-consult-sum-resp.pdf

243. Badger Trust. (19 October 2015). Badger Trust Accuses Government of Moving the Goalposts on Cull Licences. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.badger.org.uk/single-post/2015/10/19/Badger-Trust-Accuses-Government-of-Moving-the-Goalposts-on-Cull-Licences

244. Defra. (2015). Chief Veterinary Officer’s advice on the outcome of the 2015 badger culls. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/486612/cvo-advice-badger-culls-2015.pdf

245. Defra. (17 December 2015). Bovine TB eradication strategy delivering results. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/bovine-tb-eradication-strategy-delivering-results

246. The Wildlife Trusts. (17 December 2015). The Wildlife Trusts urge Government to drop the cull and focus on vaccination and securing badger BCG supplies. [Internet]. Available at: http://www.wildlifetrusts.org/news/2015/12/17/wildlife-trusts-urge-government-drop-cull-and-focus-vaccination-and-securing-badger-

247. EFRA Committee. (26 January 2016). Oral evidence: The work of DEFRA, HC 764, Q106. [Internet]. Available at: http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/environment-food-and-rural-affairs-committee/the-work-of-the-department-for-environment-food-and-rural-affairs/oral/27935.html

248. Natural England. (30 August 2016). Bovine TB: authorisation for badger control in 2016. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/bovine-tb-authorisation-for-badger-control-in-2016

249. Carrington, D. (13 July 2016). Badger cull expansion 'flies in face of scientific evidence’. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/jul/13/badger-cull-expansion-flies-in-face-of-scientific-evidence

250. Defra. (December 2016). Summary of badger control monitoring during 2016. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/578436/summary-badger-control-monitoring-2016.pdf

251. Natural England. (December 2016). Natural England Compliance Monitoring Summary of Controlled Shooting during the 2016 Badger Control Licences. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/578146/summary-badger-control-monotoring-2016-annexb.pdf

252. Defra. (December 2016). Summary of badger control monitoring during 2016. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/578436/summary-badger-control-monitoring-2016.pdf

253. Defra. (December 2016). Chief Veterinary Officer’s advice on the outcome of the 2016 badger culls. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/578356/cvo-advice-2016-cull.pdf

254. Carrington, D. (16 December 2016). Badger cull kills more than 10,000 animals in three months. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/dec/16/badger-cull-kills-more-than-10000-animals-three-months-bovine-tb

255. BVA. (16 December 2016). BVA response to Defra statement on bovine TB strategy. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.bva.co.uk/news-campaigns-and-policy/newsroom/news-releases/bva-response-to-defra-statement-on-bovine-tb-strategy/

256. NFU. (16 December 2016). Bovine TB eradication strategy update: NFU response. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.nfuonline.com/sectors/animal-health/animal-health-rh-panel/bovine-tb/bovine-tb-eradication-strategy-update-nfu-respons 

257. Defra. (December 2016). Guidance to Natural England on licensed badger control to prevent the spread of bovine tuberculosis. [Internet]. Available at: https://consult.defra.gov.uk/bovine-tb/supplementary-badger-disease-control/supporting_documents/Consultation%20Document.pdf

258. Defra. (16 December 2016). TB strategy ahead of schedule as England set to apply for officially TB-free status for half the country. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/tb-strategy-ahead-of-schedule-as-england-set-to-apply-for-officially-tb-free-status-for-half-the-country

259. BVA. (16 December 2016). BVA response to Defra statement on bovine TB strategy. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.bva.co.uk/news-campaigns-and-policy/newsroom/news-releases/bva-response-to-defra-statement-on-bovine-tb-strategy/

260. Defra. (16 December 2016). Bovine TB: supplementary badger disease control. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/bovine-tb-supplementary-badger-disease-control

261. Independent Scientific Group on Cattle TB. (June 2007). Bovine TB: The Scientific Evidence. [Internet]. Available at: http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20081108133322/http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/tb/isg/pdf/final_report.pdf

262. Defra. (September 2010). The Randomised Badger Culling Trial (Proactive & Reactive culling). [Internet]. Available at: http://www.bovinetb.info/docs/corporate-consult-tb-control-measures-100915-tb-control-measures-annexb.pdf

263. Defra. (30 November 2011). Impact Assessment: Measures to address bovine TB in badgers [Internet]. Available at: http://web.archive.org/web/20111219180257/http:/archive.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/farmanimal/diseases/atoz/tb/documents/bovine-tb-impact-assessment.pdf

264. Defra. (August 2016). Government badger control costs 2015. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/643325/badger-control-costs-2015-160824.pdf

265. Defra. (30 August 2016). Badger control policy: value for money analysis 2016. [Internet]. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/548748/badger-control-policy-value-for-money-160824.pdf

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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